The Autodromo Nazionale Monza is located near the city of Monza, north of Milan, in Italy. It was built in 1922 and is the world's third purpose-built motor racing circuit after Brooklands and Indianapolis.
Built in the Royal Villa of Monza park in a woodland setting, the site had three tracks – the 5.793-kilometre (3.600 mi) Grand Prix track, the 2.405-kilometre (1.494 mi) Junior track, and a 4.250-kilometre (2.641 mi) high speed oval track with steep bankings which has been unused for many decades.
Drivers are on full throttle for most of the lap due to its long straights and fast corners, and is usually the scenario in which the open-wheeled Formula One cars show the raw speed of which they are capable: 372 kilometres per hour (231 mph) during the mid-2000s V10 engine formula.
In addition to Formula One, the circuit hosts an endurance event, the 1000 km Monza, which has been run as part of the World Sportscar Championship and the Le Mans Series. Monza also featured the unique Race of Two Worlds events, which attempted to run Formula One and United States Auto Club National Championship cars against each other, and previously held rounds of Grand Prix motorcycle racing, in the Italian motorcycle Grand Prix. Current major events are races of the World Touring Car Championship and the Superbike World Championship, as well as various local championship races.
The Monza circuit has been the site of many fatal accidents, especially in the early years of the Formula One world championship and has claimed the lives of 52 drivers and 35 spectators. Track modifications have continuously occurred, to improve spectator safety and reduce curve speeds, but it is still criticised by the current drivers for its lack of run-off areas, most notoriously at the chicane that cuts the Variante della Roggia.
The first track was built from May to July 1922 by 3,500 workers, financed by the Milan Automobile Club – which created the Società Incremento Automobilismo e Sport (SIAS) to run the track. The track was officially opened on 3 September 1922, with the maiden race the second Italian Grand Prix held on 10 September 1922.
In 1928, the most serious Italian racing accident to date ended in the death of driver Emilio Materassi and 27 spectators at that year's Grand Prix. The accident led to further Grand Prix races confinement to the high-speed loop until 1932. The 1933 race was marked by the deaths of three drivers and the Grand Prix layout was changed, with two chicanes added and the longer straights removed.
There was major rebuilding in 1938–39, constructing new stands and entrances, resurfacing the track, moving portions of the track and adding two new bends. The resulting layout gave a Grand Prix lap of 6.300 kilometres (3.91 mi), in use until 1954. The outbreak of World War II meant racing at the track was suspended until 1948 and parts of the circuit degraded due to the lack of maintenance. Monza was renovated over a period of two months at the beginning of 1948 and a Grand Prix was held on 17 October 1948.
In 1954, work began to entirely revamp the circuit, resulting in a 5.750 kilometres (3.573 mi) course, and a new 4.250 kilometres (2.641 mi) high-speed oval with banked sopraelevata curves. The two circuits could be combined to re-create the former 10 kilometres (6.214 mi) long circuit.
The Automobile Club of Italy held 500-mile (805 km) Race of Two Worlds exhibition competitions, intended to pit United States Auto Club IndyCars against European Formula One and sports cars. The races were held on the oval at the end of June in 1957 and 1958, races which colloquially became known as the Monzanapolis series.
Ecurie Ecosse's three Jaguar D-type sports cars used their Le Mans-specification tyres with no ill-effects, but were completely out paced.
Formula One used the 10 kilometres (6.214 mi) high speed track in the 1955, 1956, 1960 and 1961 Grands Prix. Stirling Moss and Phil Hill both won twice in this period, with Hill's win at Monza making him the first American to win a Formula One race. The 1961 race saw the death of Wolfgang von Trips and fifteen spectators when a collision with Jim Clark's Lotus sent von Trips' car airborne and into the barriers on Parabolica.
Although the accident did not occur on the oval section of the track, the high speeds were deemed unsafe and F1 use of the oval was ended; future Grands Prix were held on the shorter road circuit, with the banking appearing one last time in the film Grand Prix. New safety walls, rails and fences were added before the next race and the refuelling area was moved further from the track. Chicanes were added before both bankings in 1966, and another fatality in the 1968 1000 km Monza race led to run-off areas added to the curves, with the track layout changing the next year to incorporate permanent chicanes before the banked curves.
The banking held the last race in 1969 with the 1000 km of Monza, the event moving to the road circuit the next year. The banking still exists, albeit in a decayed state in the years since the last race, escaping demolition in the 1990s. It is used once a year for the Monza Rally. The banked oval was used several times for record breaking up till the late 1960s.Courtesy: Wikipedia.
Track Length: 1922-1928 - 6.214 miles / 10.000 km 1929 - 6.214 miles / 10.000 km 1930 - 1931-1933 - 6.214 miles / 10.000 km 1934 - 2.690 miles / 4.329 km 1935-1936 - 4.320 miles / 6.952 km 1938 - 4.350 miles / 7.000 km 1938-1954 - 3.910 miles / 6.292 km 1955-1969 - 3.573 miles / 5.750 km 1955-1972 - 3.573 miles / 5.750 km 1972-1973 - 3.588 miles / 5.775 km 1974-1975 - 3.592 miles / 5.780 km 1976-1999 - 3.604 miles / 5.800 km 2000-XXXX - 3.600 miles / 5.793 km
It’s not hard to get to Milan; the city is well connected by air, road and rail with the rest of Europe and beyond. The best way to get to the circuit is by train, from both Milan and nearby cities such as Bergamo. Driving is also worth considering, but the local traffic can get pretty bad on race weekends.
Trains depart from Milano Centrale (look for trains headed to Lecco, Tirano or Chiasso.), Milano Porto Garibaldi and Sesto San Giovanni train stations for Stazione di Monza on each day of the weekend. The trip only takes around 20-30 minutes and trains run fairly frequently, at least every 15 minutes. Tickets cost around €2 each way.
|GARAGE ARTONI AUTO SRL||123, Viale Brianza - 20092 Cinisello Balsamo (MI)||+39 2612 3305|
|MOTOR D.A.T.A. S.R.L.||44, Via Bizet - 20092 Cinisello Balsamo (MI)||+39 26 601 1489, 02 6178625|
|AUTOFFICINA BFL DI BRAMBILLA FLAMINIO||13, Via Provinciale - 20060 Pessano Con Bornago (MI)||+39 29 574 6085|
|AUTOGIANNI MULTISERVICE||36, Via Apelle - 20128 Milan (MI)||+39 2255 1290|
|ESSO - STAZIONE DI SERVIZIO||42, Viale Delle Industrie - 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 2284 7021|
|ESSO - STAZIONE DI SERVIZIO||Stelluti Libero S.n.c. 32, Corso Milano - 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 3932 4556|
|ENI - STAZIONE DI SERVIZIO||166, Viale Lombardia - 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 3973 5526|
|ENI - STAZIONE DI SERVIZIO||40, Viale Sicilia - 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 39 284 0166|
|Total - Eng||88, Viale Liberta - 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 39 202 0150|
|Esso||Via Lecco, 140, 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 39 380 828|
|NAME||ADDRESS||CONTACT||MAP||TEAROSE CAFE||4, Piazza Duomo - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 23560203|
|BISTROT TURNE||3, Via Bergamo - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 3900389, +3981 402432|
|BAR DEL CENTRO||17/G, Piazza Trento Trieste - 20900 Monza (MB)/td>||+3939 322335|
|IL NUOVO CAFFE||27/D, Via Carlo Alberto - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 327925|
|HISTORY PUB||56, Via Felice Cavallotti - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 2141073|
|Il Tavernicolo||33, Via Alessandro Manzoni - 20900 Monza (MB)||+39 039 941 7955|
|Il Copto 3||Via Raffaele Merelli, 3, 20900 Monza MB||+39 039 262 3367|
|RISTORANTE PIZZERIA DEL CENTRO||9, Spalto Isolino - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 322264|
|BISTROT TURNE||3, Via Bergamo - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 3900389, +3981 402432|
|TRATTORIA CAPRESE||10, Piazza Roma - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 322947, +3939 324286|
|OSTERIA NERO PEPE||Via Luciano Manara, 12, 20900 Monza MB||+39 039 386 608|
|A DI ALICE||4, Viale Elvezia - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 387205, +3939 380254, +3939 9162219|
|AS HOTEL MONZA||Viale Lombardia 76/78 - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 272831 fax. +3939 27283200|
|B&B HOTEL MILANO - MONZA||Via Lario 19 - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 2304726, +3939 325825 fax. +3939 2304726|
|MONZACAMPING||Via S. Maria Alle Selve - 20853 Biassono (MB)||+3939 492437|
|GE.VI.TUR. S.R.L.||3, Via Val Seriana - 20900 Monza (MB)||+3939 742485, +3939 736062|